- One of Burma's most distinctive arts. Lacquerware items are usually fashioned of coiled bamboo strips, upon which as many as seven successive coats of sap or resin (thit si in Burmese) from a large tree (species Gluta usitata) are applied. These trees grow in the wild and are not damaged by the process of extracting sap (the resin is quite different from Western lacquers derived from insects, resembling those used in China and Japan). The items are frequently engraved in delicate and complicated patterns, using several colors (usually red, yellow, and/or green, on a black or red background). After each layer of resin is applied, the wares are placed for an extended time in a cool cellar for drying. The highestquality pieces are so supple that they can be bent without causing damage to either the lacquer coating or the bamboo frame, and can take as long as six months to make. Black, high-gloss items, upon which gold leaf has been applied to form patterns or pictures, are known as shwe zawa. Important centers of lacquerware production are the Pagan (Bagan) area in Mandalay Division and Shan State, especially Keng Tung.Despite the growing popularity of Western-style utensils, lacquerware is an indispensable part of Burmese daily life, in the form of cups, trays and plates, tiffin boxes, sets of containers holding the ingredients for betel chewing, decorative plaques, Buddha images, and hsun ok, elaborate, covered offering bowls used to carry donations for members of the Sangha. The history of Burmese lacquerware is unclear, but the art is possibly derived from China, and the more-sophisticated techniques, used for making the multicolored, engraved items (known as yun in Burmese), may have been brought in recent centuries from northern Thailand. During the Burma Socialist Programme Party era (1962-1988), the quality of wares declined because of the lack of resources, but in recent years there has been an effort to improve it, making better-quality items for the tourist and international markets.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lacquerware — is objects which are decoratively covered with lacquer which is sometimes inlaid or carved. Lacquerware includes boxes, tableware and even coffins painted with lacquer in cultures mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.HistoryLacquer and producing… … Wikipedia
lacquerware — noun Date: 1697 a decorative article usually made of wood and coated with lacquer; also such articles or ware collectively … New Collegiate Dictionary
lacquerware — noun decorative objects made from, or treated with lacquer … Wiktionary
lacquerware — (also lacquerwork) noun decorative articles that have been coated with lacquer … English new terms dictionary
lacquerware — noun a decorative work made of wood and covered with lacquer and often inlaid with ivory or precious metals • Hypernyms: ↑work, ↑piece of work • Hyponyms: ↑japan … Useful english dictionary
Ryukyuan lacquerware — is one of the chief artistic products of the Ryukyu Islands (today Okinawa Prefecture of Japan), and represents a form and style of lacquerware which is distinct from that of the surrounding cultures. Though distinct in its own ways, it is… … Wikipedia
Japanese lacquerware — is a broad category of fine and decorative arts, as lacquer has been used in paintings, prints, and on a wide variety of objects from Buddha statues to bento boxes for food.A number of terms are used in Japanese to refer to lacquerware. Shikki… … Wikipedia
Chinese lacquerware table — Chinese lacquerware table, 1425 1436 V A Museum no. FE.6:1 to 4 1973 This lacquerware table is from the Ming Dynasty (1368 1644). It is unique in shape and decoration and is one of the most important objects from the period. It is one of the few… … Wikipedia
arts, East Asian — Introduction music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature. Some studies of East Asia… … Universalium
Wagae-nuri — nihongo|Wagae nuri|和賀江塗 is a traditional lacquerware of Japan created by Michiko Suganuma (b1940).HistoryIts history goes back to only a quarter of century, however it’s directly descends from traditional Kamakura bori of more than 800years.… … Wikipedia